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New Income Tax Regime Vs Old Tax Regime: Which is better for you? With Automated Income Tax House Rent Exemption Calculator in Excel

Union Budget 2020 offers individuals the
choice of paying tax under the new regime of lower income tax rates by forgoing
the tax exemptions/deductions or continue to pay tax under the existing income
tax laws by claiming the applicable exemptions and deductions. Essentially, the
more exemptions an individual claims, the less likely he/she is to benefit from
the new optional tax regime however which regime is beneficial will vary on a
case to case basis. Calculations show that salaried individual.
An individual with gross salary up to Rs
12.5 lakh claiming only deductions under section 80C (Rs 1.5 lakh), 80D (Rs
25,000) and a standard deduction of Rs 50,000 will pay more tax under the new
personal income tax regime. Lower the gross salary, higher the additional tax
payable by individuals in the new tax regime claiming only these three
exemptions (up to the amounts mentioned) in the old tax regime. Individuals
claiming little as tax breaks are more likely to gain from the new regime.
The tables below show the amount of tax
saved or extra tax payable for a salaried individual at different salary levels
under the existing tax regime and the new proposed tax regime.
If the salaried individual is claiming
deductions under section 80C, 80D (medical premium), HRA exemption, LTA
exemption and deduction of interest paid on housing loan taken for self
occupied property up to permissible limits, he is is likely to be better off in
the existing personal tax regime.
Case II— Salaried individual
claiming most common deduction/exemptions, i.e. under sections 80C, 80D and
standard deduction

Assuming the individual is claiming these tax breaks: standard deduction of Rs
50,000, deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh under section 80C and Rs 25,000 under section
80D for medical premium. In this case, if the individual opts for the new
personal tax regime then at a gross salary of Rs 7.5 lakh the person will have to
pay Rs 20,800 extra tax, at a gross salary.
Therefore, a high earner claiming only
these deductions is likely to save tax under the new regime but lower-income
earners up to the gross salary of Rs 12.5 lakh will end up paying more tax. 
Case III— Salaried individual
claiming more exemptions/deduction, i.e. under sections 80C, 80D, standard
deduction and HRA exemption

Assuming the individual is claiming these tax breaks: standard deduction of Rs
50,000, deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh under section 80C and Rs 25,000 under section
80D for medical premium and HRA exemption (varied as per salary income level).
In this case, if the individual opts for the new personal tax regime then at
gross salary of Rs 7.5 lakh

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